A History of STOKE GIFFORD & Nearby Parishes
Edited by Adrian Kerton
Two Cemeteries from Bristol’s Northern Suburbs : A Later Iron Age Cemetery and Roman Settlement at Henbury School, Bristol
With kind permission of Cotswold Archaeology, offering the full range of heritage and archaeological services from our Andover, Cirencester, Exeter and Milton Keynes offices. Established for over 25 years with an excellent reputation for quality.
Excavations by Cotswold Archaeology in 2005 at Hewlett Packard, Filton, revealed the truncated remains of 51 inhumation burials within an isolated post-Roman cemetery. All of the burials were extended and east-west aligned, and were arranged in rows and groups. The tradition of east/west-aligned graves is a common late Roman and post-Roman practice, and these were not necessarily Christian. The largest group comprised 24 burials clustered around a central grave that contained an unusual skeleton and evidence for a distinctive burial rite. Overall there were slightly more females than males (where sex could be determined) and ten children. Adult stature could only be calculated in a few cases; males were generally taller that the early medieval average, females shorter. No grave goods were recovered, but four radiocarbon dates obtained from human bone suggest a period of use sometime between the 5th and 7th centuries AD. There was no evidence for contemporary settlement within the immediate vicinity. Other post-Roman cemeteries that are culturally distinct from Anglo-Saxon influenced burials are known from the region. The absence of Anglo-Saxon cemeteries in South Gloucestershire suggests this area remained under British control in the 5th and 6th centuries. The abandonment of this cemetery may have been the result of changes in the religious landscape once the area finally came under Saxon control in the late 7th century.
Autor/Editor: Edited by Martin Watts
Excavations in 2004. A Post-Roman Cemetery at Hewlett Packard, Filton, South Gloucestershire: Excavations in 2005
Cotswold Archaeology 2006
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